top of page

History of Jaipur Royal Family: The Legacy of Great Warriors and Kings

Raja Bhagwan Das (1574-1589): The Fearless Warrior

Raja Bhagwan Das, the son of Raja Bharmal Kachchwaha of Amber, was known for his courage and warrior ship. He fought many battles in Gujarat, Punjab, and the northern frontier. He was appointed as Governor of Punjab and became famous for his bravery and warrior skills.

Maharaja Man Singh I (1589-1614): The Conqueror of Bengal, Orissa, and Assam

The son of Raja Bhagwan Das, Maharaja Man Singh I, was a brave warrior who achieved significant victories in Bengal, Orissa, and Assam during the reign of Akbar. He battled successfully with the tribal chiefs of Afghanistan and was appointed as the commander-in-chief of the Mughal Army to look after the north-western frontier, including Afghanistan, Punjab, Kashmir, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and Assam, to crush the defiant in the reign of Akbar.

Jai Singh I (1621-1667): The Great Leader of Mughal Army

Jai Singh I was born to Maha Singh, the Raja of Garha, and was moved up to the throne of Amber at the age of ten. He was a great warrior who won many battles during the reign of three Mughal Kings- Jehangir, Shahjahan, and Aurangzeb. He led as a great leader in the Mughal Army that included the Rajputs, Afghans, and Mughals. He achieved significant victories against Shivaji during the reign of Aurangzeb.

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II (1700-1743): The Founder of the City

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, according to the history of Jaipur, was the founder of the city. He was born to Maharaja Bishan Singh of Amber and fought battles of Khelna, Panhala, and other areas in the Deccan during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Seeing his gallantry, the emperor gifted him the title of "Sawai." He fought against Bahadur Shah Zafar, who resumed Amber into a Mughal Territory, and Jai Singh, along with Ajit Singh of Jodhpur, recovered the state in the year 1710.

Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh (1743-1750): The Poet and Artist

The eldest son of Jai Singh II, Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh, was not as great a warrior as his father. He died quickly, but he was a great artist, poet, and involved in classical music and dance. Sawai Ishwari Singh built the Isar Lat – the tallest historical building of the Pink City.

Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I (1751-1768): The Builder of Palaces

The younger son of Jai Singh II, Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I, unfettered the Kachchwaha Kingdom from the Marathas and won many important battles. He built many palaces, including MadhoNiwas in the Chandra Mahal complex of the City Palace, Madho Vilas in the center of Jai Mahal, and the Sisodia Rani ka Bagh, and many other beautiful temples too.

Maharaja Sawai Prithvi Singh (1768-1778): The young king

Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh had two sons. At the time of his death Prithvi Singh was 5 years old whereas Pratap Singh was 3. Being elder Prithvi Singh succeeded his father on the throne and his mother became the regent. One of his nobles, Pratap Singh Naruka separated himself from the State of Jaipur and established an independent kingdom at Machheri near Alwar. That is how Alwar became a separate state independent of Jaipur. Prithvi Singh ruled for 10 years and died in 1778 at the age of 15, leaving behind a widow of 11.

Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh (1778-1803): The devotee of Krishna

Sawai Pratap Singh became the Maharaja at the age of 14 after the death of his brother Prithvi Singh. He ruled from 1778 to 1803. HIs 25-year rule witnessed many spectacular achievements and strategic failures. Being constantly goaded by the Marathas and the Mughuls, he haad to face repeated threats and a heave drainage of funds. He is known as the great ruler for his devotion to Lord Krishna. The fountains behind the Govind Dev temple are credited to him, his poetic talent and patronage of Arts and Crafts.

Maharaja Sawai Jagat Singh (1803-1818): The most hapless ruler

Sawai Jagat Singh son of Sawai Pratap Singh reigned for 15 years. The most hapless ruler in the proud line of the Kachhawahas, Jagat Singh, is remembered not so much as a king but as a lover and a reckless dandy. He did not hesitate to lead an army against Jodhpur king to win the hand of Princess Krishna Kumari of Mewar. It ended in a sad fiasco when the princess committed suicide. Jagat Singh had 21 Queens and 24 Concubines. He later became enamored of a dancing girl of exceptional beauty and mellifluous voice, Ras Kapur and was prepared to make her the queen of half of his Kingdom. Powerful nobles saved the downfall of the King by engineering her removal and imprisonment in the fort of Nahargarh. Her room made of transparent glasses in Sankotha House in Johari bazaar near Sanganeri Gate still reminds us of that infamous chapter in the history of Kachhawas and Jagat Singh.

Sawai Jai Singh III (1819-1835): The king who was murdered

After the heirless state, Jaipur adopted Mohan Singh from the thikana of Narwar, the Bhatiyani queen of Jagat Singh gave birth to a son 4 months and 4 days after her husband's death and the line of Kachhawas thus remained unbroken. The boy was named Jai Singh III and declared king. A tragic figure in the history of Jaipur, he spent the first 9 years of his life within the confines of the zenana, making his first public appearance in a procession to the Jamwa Mata Temple after the people of Jaipur insisted that they wanted to see their ruler. Jai Singh died on 6th February 1835 amidst a cloud of suspicion. His body was found wrapped in a tent. It was universally suspected that he was poisoned and murdered.

Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh (1835-1880): The colourful Maharaja

When Maharaja Jai Singh III who succeeded Sawai Jagat Singh died, his son Ram Singh was only 1 1/2 years old. He reigned from 1835 till 1880, was known as the colourful Maharaja. During his rule, Jaipur was named Pink City, the reason for the autumnal colours on the tacades of all the old city buildings for the forthcoming trip by the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) in 1876 for which the capital was being decorated.

Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II, the Planner and Philanthropist (1880-1922)

Madho Singh II, the adopted son of Ram Singh II, Raja of Jaipur, was a visionary king who prioritized the well-being of his people. Upon ascending the throne at the age of 19, he invested in sanitation and education in the city. He also made Jaipur a planned city and his various contributions made good earnings for the state of Rajasthan. The king donated 25 lacs rupees to provide funding to a noble cause for the most natural disasters in the country- All India Famine Relief Fund. Moreover, he took part in various irrigation projects that resulted in the completion of around 224 irrigation dams with distribution canals, ensuring that the state did not face any problems in farming and could get help during drought.

Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II, the Modernizer and Military Leader (1911-1970)

Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II was considered one of the best kings in the history of the Jaipur royal family. He was the second son of Thakur Sawai Singhji and was adopted by Madho Singh II as his crown prince. Man Singh II tried to regroup the Army of Jaipur and his efforts resulted in the formation of two additional battalions of Jaipur Forces, which were later accepted by the Government of India as Indian State Forces Units. During the British reign, he was conferred with the prestigious rank of Major General, followed by Lt. General. Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II always worked towards making Jaipur a modern and developed city.

Maharaja Sawai Bhawani Singh, the War Hero (1931-2011)

Maharaja Sawai Bhawani Singh, the eldest son of Sawai Man Singh II, was a studious person from a young age. He joined the Indian Army in the 3rd Cavalry Regiment as a Second Lieutenant in 1951 and was designated as the President's Bodyguard in 1954. Bhawani Singh played a significant role in the Indo-Pak war in 1971, for which he was awarded the second-highest gallantry award "Mahavir Chakra." He remained active in the Indian Army and was eventually promoted to the rank of General.

18 views0 comments


bottom of page