Bikaner, located in the northwestern part of Rajasthan, is a city of rich cultural heritage and history. The city was founded by Rao Bika in 1488, who was the second son of the Rathore ruler Rao Jodha of the Marwar kingdom.
The Foundation of Bikaner
Rao Bika of Bikaner
According to legend, Rao Bika, in his quest for a new capital, came across the barren land of Jangladesh. He saw potential in the land and decided to build a city there. He laid the foundation of the city on the auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya, which is still celebrated as the foundation day of Bikaner.
The Rise of Bikaner
In the early years, Bikaner was a small city with little influence. However, under the rule of Rao Bika's son, Rao Narain Singh, Bikaner saw significant growth and development. The city became an important trading center on the Silk Route, which helped boost its economy. The city also saw the construction of magnificent forts and palaces, including the Junagarh Fort, which still stands as a testament to the city's rich cultural heritage.
The Marwar-Bikaner War
In the late 16th century, the Marwar kingdom, under the rule of Maharaja Man Singh of Amber, attacked Bikaner. The Marwar-Bikaner War lasted for several years and saw both sides suffer heavy losses. Ultimately, Bikaner emerged victorious, and the city's power and influence continued to grow.
Bikaner under British Rule
During the British Raj, Bikaner was a princely state, and its rulers were granted the title of Maharaja. The city saw significant development during this period, with the construction of railways and modern infrastructure. The Maharajas of Bikaner were also patrons of the arts and built several magnificent palaces and temples.
Today, Bikaner is a thriving city that attracts tourists from all over the world. The city is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, magnificent forts and palaces, and delicious cuisine. Bikaner is also famous for its sweets and snacks, including the famous Bikaneri bhujia.
In conclusion, Bikaner is a city with a fascinating history and rich cultural heritage. Its rise from a small city to an important trading center and a thriving tourist destination is a testament to the city's resilience and spirit.